MIGRATION, MOBILITY AND COVID-19: CURRENT AND FUTURE IMPLICATIONS
The crisis caused by the COID 19 virus has overshadowed existing migration debates but still it is inseparably linked with movement. The COVID-19 pandemic has unprecedented impact on human mobility in general. Various measures were implemented to respond to the virus and lessen the spread of the virus including lockdown, travel restrictions and border closures. Large numbers of migrants were stranded or forcibly returned to their country of origin. While lots of sectors such as agriculture faced with lack of workers. Many families could not reunion due to travel restrictions. Lockdown measures provoked closures of businesses and unemployment. Thus, remittances from large diaspora communities outside the region declined. Remittances are an important source of financing in low- and middle-income countries and without them the education, health and live of families in countries of origin are under threat. Another issue that migrants faced during this period is information flow. Due to language and cultural barriers their access to information was limited. Moreover, COVID-19 provoked blame, fear, hate speech and discrimination of migrants. Migrants were particularly vulnerable to stigma and xenophobia, and often accused as responsible of spreading the virus. In sum the pandemic brought into focus the vital role that migrants play in our societies and raised questions for more effective migration governance.
Venue: “Mother Teresa” University, Skopje, Republic of North Macedonia
20 November, 2020
After the agreed solution of the name dispute of our country and expected mutely acceptable solution between the Republic of Kosovo and Serbia, it appears that the region is on a way to overcome political stalemate thus opening a real prospect for region’s integration into the EU and NATO. Unfortunately, this positive trend is also accompanied by a phenomenon such as migration that produces serious demographic consequences that ultimately have an impact on the economy as well as on political stability and security.
This conference aim is to address the phenomenon of migration and integration as a parallel process, as a chance and as a handicap. Such an approach is self-imposing if we consider that the expectations are that the integration has positive effects on the economic development, on one hand, on the other hand, the emigration of a part of the population, most of them young, educated people, will have unprecedented negative consequences in many segments, such as in the sphere of economy as well as demography.
The region is already and will be more and more comforted with emigration coming from countries outside the continent, mostly through illegal channels which present a security threat.
The conference will welcome all the works related to this subject, as well as the interdisciplinary nature, which can help to deepen the theoretical and practical knowledge of this phenomenon, which can be a way of decision-making authority in the methods and approach to successfully manage this issue.